- Type of research degree
- Application deadline
- Sunday 31 May 2020
- Project start date
- Thursday 1 October 2020
- Country eligibility
- International (open to all nationalities, including the UK)
- Dr Javier Fernandez-Garcia and Dr Ali Hassanpour
- Additional supervisors
- david harbottle
- School of Chemical and Process Engineering
Chemistry background and previous experience in laboratories in desirable.
<p>In spite of the improvement has been made on renewable energy, hydrocarbons and fossil fuel are still the world’s main energy source. In the meantime, great amounts of discovered oil deposits remain unrecoverable after several applications of traditional oil recovery methods. The main target of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) operations in general, is to change the properties of both fluid and rock formations for purpose of minimizing the oil saturation value below the residual oil after water flooding process as a traditional technique. Thus, innovative EOR operations have been evaluating over the years which have managed to involve the nanotechnology to be part of the required solution of the trapped oil problem. This study is aiming to introduce a novel combined EOR process, by employing the nanotechnology to improve a traditional water flooding operation. This will be achieved by involving and utilizing special surface-functionalised NPs in EOR operations, as these functionalised NPs have not been studied for EOR applications before, while the nanotechnology generally and functionalised NPs specifically, have been successfully presented in many manufacturing and science areas including drug delivery, catalysis substances, optical instruments, adsorbent, and water purification. Functionalizing the surface of NPs by chemical materials (functional groups; carboxylic acids CO<span class="subscript_text">2</span>H, carbonyls C=O, esters CO<span class="subscript_text">2</span>R, alcohols -OH, sulfonate acids SO<span class="subscript_text">3</span>H and amines NH<span class="subscript_text">2</span>), is a beneficial technique to increase the spreading stability of the NPs in different aqueous medias. However, interjoining forces such as the wettability alteration and disjoining pressure, will be studied and investigated as the main mechanisms and effective parameters in EOR. Consequently, have a straight impact on the oil recovery, which will be evaluated as a result of a core flooding performance.</p>
<p>Formal applications for research degree study should be made online through the <a href="https://eps.leeds.ac.uk/chemical-engineering-research-degrees/doc/apply">University's website</a>. Please state clearly in the research information section that the research degree you wish to be considered for is “Enhanced Oil Recovery with Functionalised Nanoparticles” as well as <a href="https://eps.leeds.ac.uk/staff/1298/Dr_Javier_Fernandez-Garcia">Dr Javier Fernadez-Garcia</a> as your proposed supervisor.</p> <p>If English is not your first language, you must provide evidence that you meet the University's minimum English language requirements (below).</p> <p><em>We welcome applications from all suitably-qualified candidates, but UK black and minority ethnic (BME) researchers are currently under-represented in our Postgraduate Research community, and we would therefore particularly encourage applications from UK BME candidates. All scholarships will be awarded on the basis of merit.</em></p>
Applicants to research degree programmes should normally have at least a first class or an upper second class British Bachelors Honours degree (or equivalent) in an appropriate discipline. The criteria for entry for some research degrees may be higher, for example, several faculties, also require a Masters degree. Applicants are advised to check with the relevant School prior to making an application. Applicants who are uncertain about the requirements for a particular research degree are advised to contact the School or Graduate School prior to making an application.
The minimum English language entry requirement for research postgraduate research study is an IELTS of 6.0 overall with at least 5.5 in each component (reading, writing, listening and speaking) or equivalent. The test must be dated within two years of the start date of the course in order to be valid.
<p>For further information regarding this project, please contact Javier Fernandez-Garcia,<br /> e: <a href="mailto:J.FernandezGarcia@leeds.ac.uk">J.FernandezGarcia@leeds.ac.uk</a></p> <p>For further information regarding the application procedure, please contact Doctoral College Admissions,<br /> e: <a href="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org">email@example.com</a>, t: +44 (0)113 343 5057.</p>
<h3 class="heading heading--sm">Linked funding opportunities</h3>
<h3 class="heading heading--sm">Linked research areas</h3>