Money laundering concerns transforming illicit profits into (apparently) lawful ones. Construction projects are susceptible to money launderings, and several judicial cases have disclosed why and how construction projects favour money laundering. For example, they are often speculative, involve large sums of money, and it is relatively easy to inflate their costs due to apparently poor delivery performance. Furthermore, the construction projects are organised in multi-layered contractual transactions and are intensive human activities; these characteristics make it possible to structure and disperse large sums of money into the economy through multiple people and organisations.<br /> <br /> There is also tacit knowledge about how construction projects can be suitable for money laundering. Money laundering can apply in simple transactions or complicated and multi-layered ones. Money laundering can apply at the micro level, e.g. small modifications in an apartment project; or can apply at macro levels involving criminal organisations orchestrating massive money laundering transactions involving several nominees and (indirectly) controlled companies.
<p>Despite the relevance of money laundering in construction projects, project management scholars have not investigated this topic extensively. The prospective PhD research will address this specific gap in knowledge and address research questions such as:</p> <ul> <li>Which money laundering mechanisms can be applied to construction projects?</li> <li>How do these mechanisms influence the budgeting, procurement and delivery of construction projects?</li> <li>Which remedies can limit, or prevent, money laundering in construction projects?</li> </ul> <p>The candidate can amend these questions to focus on those aspects that are deemed to be more relevant and practical provided the focus remains on money laundering applied to construction projects.</p>
<p>Formal applications for research degree study should be made online through the <a href="https://www.leeds.ac.uk/info/130206/applying/91/applying_for_research_degrees">University's website</a>. Please state clearly in the research information section that the research degree you wish to be considered for is ‘PHD Civil Engineering: Money laundering in construction projects’ as well as <a href="https://engineering.leeds.ac.uk/staff/747/Tristano_Sainati">Dr Tristano Sainati</a> as your proposed lead supervisor and <a href="https://essl.leeds.ac.uk/law/staff/247/dr-ilaria-zavoli">Dr Ilaria Zavoli (School of Law)</a> as your co-supervisor.</p> <p>If English is not your first language, you must provide evidence that you meet the University's minimum English language requirements (below).</p> <p><em>We welcome applications from all suitably-qualified candidates, but UK black and minority ethnic (BME) researchers are currently under-represented in our Postgraduate Research community, and we would therefore particularly encourage applications from UK BME candidates. All scholarships will be awarded on the basis of merit.</em></p>
Applicants to research degree programmes should normally have at least a first class or an upper second class British Bachelors Honours degree (or equivalent) in an appropriate discipline. The criteria for entry for some research degrees may be higher, for example, several faculties, also require a Masters degree. Applicants are advised to check with the relevant School prior to making an application. Applicants who are uncertain about the requirements for a particular research degree are advised to contact the School or Graduate School prior to making an application.
The minimum English language entry requirement for research postgraduate research study is an IELTS of 6.0 overall with at least 5.5 in each component (reading, writing, listening and speaking) or equivalent. The test must be dated within two years of the start date of the course in order to be valid. Some schools and faculties have a higher requirement.
<p><strong>Self-Funding Students are welcome to apply.</strong></p> <p><strong>UK students</strong> – The <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk/funding/138-leeds-doctoral-scholarships-2021-january-deadline">Leeds Doctoral Scholarship (January deadline)</a> is available to UK applicants. <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk/funding/60-alumni-bursary">Alumni Bursary</a> is available to graduates of the University of Leeds.</p> <p><strong>Non-UK students</strong> –The <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk/funding/48-china-scholarship-council-university-of-leeds-scholarships-2021">China Scholarship Council - University of Leeds Scholarship</a> is available to nationals of China. The <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk/funding/73-leeds-marshall-scholarship">Leeds Marshall Scholarship</a> is available to support US citizens. <a href="https://phd.leeds.ac.uk/funding/60-alumni-bursary">Alumni Bursary</a> is available to graduates of the University of Leeds.</p>
<p>For further information regarding your application, please contact Doctoral College Admissions by email: <a href="mailto:EMAIL@leeds.ac.uk">p</a><a href="mailto:email@example.com">firstname.lastname@example.org,</a> or by telephone: +44 (0)113 343 5057</p> <p>For further information regarding the project, please contact Dr Tristano Sainati by email: <a href="mailto:T.Sainati@leeds.ac.uk">T.Sainati@leeds.ac.uk</a></p>
<h3 class="heading heading--sm">Linked research areas</h3>